Anxiety Disorder – By Arfaq HussainArfaq Hussain
Understanding the Seriousness of Psychiatric Issues
Anxiety disorder is one of the most talked-about psychiatric disorders. Most of the patients demonstrate some physical symptoms which are related to anxiety. Such patients keep on visiting their family doctors to discuss the issue. The major problem with such cases is that people keep on underestimating the severity of the problem and they realize the seriousness of the issue when it gets too late. It becomes a huge problem if left untreated through the initial stages.
There are different types of anxiety disorder. Some of the most important types are as follows:
- Panic Disorder
- Separation Anxiety Disorder
- Selective Mutism
- Medication Induced Anxiety Disorder
- Body Dimorphic Disorder
- Reactive Attachment Disorder
- Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder
First of all, it is important to refer to an expert psychiatrist so that the actual type of disorder is diagnosed. Otherwise, there is no chance of treatment in the right direction.
Causes of Anxiety Disorder
Biopsychosocial factors are the major cause of anxiety disorder. These factors might include the genetic vulnerability which deals with stress and is one of the main causes of trauma. The symptoms of anxiety disorder depend upon the type of disorder.
Treatment of Anxiety Disorder
There are different methods used by experts to treat anxiety disorder. Most of the people refer to the use of pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy in order to treat anxiety disorder. The high rate of success is achieved by using the combination of proper medication and psychotherapy. CBT or Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has also been proved to effective in this regard. The results of CBT are quite encouraging especially in the case of children who suffer from the initial stages of anxiety disorder.
There are some other therapy techniques which include relation therapy, mindfulness and supportive psychotherapy. These techniques have also worked well in most of the cases but none of these is better than CBT.
Stages of Hospitalization
In some severe cases, it becomes mandatory to admit the patient to the hospital. The indications for this stage include functional impairment and risk of suicide attempt. In some cases, the patient becomes unaware of his or her surroundings. The patient loses control over his or her behaviour and it provokes the causes of potential damage or harm.
The patients suffering from anxiety disorder must be dealt with patience and support of the family members. The whole social group of the patient must understand the situation in order to behave in the right way. They must encourage and motivate the patient so that he or she does not feel isolated.
If you feel you are undergoing any mental issues, seek help from those around you, and professional help. You are not alone!
By Arfaq Hussain